any materials that are capable of modifying (including in real time) the appearance, detectability, traceability or identification of any object to a human or to sensors within the range 1.5e13 Hz up to and including ultraviolet; any alloys that are formed by chemical or electrochemical reduction of feedstocks in the solid state; any manufacturing processes that are involved in the solid-state formation of alloys in or into crude or semi-fabricated forms, or powders for additive manufacturing, where “additive manufacturing” means a process of joining materials to make parts from three-dimensional model data; or, fibre-reinforced plastics in structural components, products or coatings with completely random dispersion of pigment or other filler; or.
Follow us on Linkedin. Artificial intelligence is stated to mean technology enabling the programming or training of a device or software to use or process external data (independent of any further input or programming) to carry out or undertake (with a view to achieving complex, specific tasks): However, the draft Order appears to capture not only businesses involved in the development of AI, but businesses engaged in the supply of services employing AI. Our briefings provide good examples on interventions to support child development and reduce these inequalities, through good quality parenting programmes, and by smoothing the transition from home to school. However, for the time being, investors considering acquisitions or disposals of businesses which are in some way involved in the pandemic response (most obviously, but not only, companies such as vaccine research companies or personal protective equipment manufacturers), or which are active in the fields of artificial intelligence, cryptographic authentication technology and advanced materials, should consider the potential implications of the new rules for their transactions.
a share of supply of 25% or more (as opposed to the normal test where a 25% share of supply must be created or increased by the merger, i.e. You are welcome to use them in your office, in documents or presentations but please credit However, while the government has tended to focus its general press statements on businesses which are directly involved in a pandemic response (referring to vaccine research companies or personal protective equipment manufacturers), it is important to note that on a plain read of the text, no such limitation exists. This change came into force on 23 June 2020. This change will enable the UK government to intervene in certain mergers where: The Secretary of State for Business, Alok Sharma, has commented that the economic disruption caused by the pandemic may mean that some businesses with critical capabilities are more susceptible to takeovers – either from "outwardly hostile" approaches, or "financially distressed" companies being sold to "malicious parties". You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Registered Address 7-14 Great Dover Street, London SE1 4YR. Our NEET briefing paper highlights a number of interventions that have been established to help reduce this, with some success. While I haven’t been able to go into them in detail here, we will examine them in future PHE blogs and communications. These early interventions can have a massive impact on the rest of someone’s life and health. As well as national security, the UK government has also historically been able to intervene in transactions on other public interest grounds, in particular transactions involving media plurality and financial stability (the latter being added in 2008, during the financial crisis, and having been exercised only once in order to permit the Lloyds TSB/HBOS merger). However, the UK government's commentary and explanatory memoranda on the changes clearly point towards a particular concern around overseas acquirers. Background. For example, Tower Hamlets, Wandsworth and Kingston on Thames have had multi-agency systems in place for many years and successes have been reported by international programmes like the HIPPY programme, to help parents teach young children at home, and Families and Schools Together. However, they form part of a wider set of legislative reforms introduced over the last couple of years by the UK government to increase the scrutiny of transactions on public interest grounds. Many great examples of successful interventions to reduce these inequalities at a local level exist across England and beyond and we wanted to bring them together as a practical resource for public health professionals to use in their work. The official blog of Public Health England, providing expert insight on the organisation's work and all aspects of public health. Advanced materials are stated to include: However, the draft Order appears to capture any business which is involved in "developing or producing anything designed as an enabler" or providing "know-how about or the use of enablers". As with artificial intelligence, given the very wide range of businesses which now make use of cryptographic authentication in the supply of their services, this definition could potentially capture a considerable number of transactions involving companies which do not have any obvious connection with the presumably more sensitive areas of research and development into cryptographic authentication. on 20 October 2014. Tags: health inequalities, Marmot Review, public health, resources, Comment by "While the UK government's focus appears to be on transactions involving foreign acquirers, the new call in powers are broader than investors might expect". analysed 200 base-case cost-effectiveness estimates of public health interventions considered in 21 public health guidelines developed by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. analogous processing and use of data or information. This is notable given that "enablers" are not themselves advanced materials, but rather are used in the manufacture of advanced materials. More about this blog. Thanks for the blog and the update it gives. As described in more detail in our January 2020 briefing, the UK government is currently able to scrutinise mergers on national security grounds in the following circumstances: In both these cases, the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy can "call in" the merger by issuing an intervention notice, enabling him or her to take the final decision on whether it should be allowed to proceed. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. the identity of a person, user, process or device; or. The UK is not alone in increasing its public interest scrutiny of transactions, and a number of countries have done so by various means in recent months, often in direct response to the effects of the pandemic on domestic companies. Have you seen #PHEHealthMatters, a resource for professionals providing data, tools and interventions to help you tackle key public health issues.
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